Investment markets have experienced extreme levels of volatility in recent years. The pandemic, geopolitical tensions and, more recently, aggressive tightening by central banks to tame inflation have sent investors on a roller-coaster ride of wild price swings across different asset classes.
In equity markets, for instance, the widely watched S&P 500 Index plunged over 20 percent year-to-date earlier this year, before rallying in recent weeks.
“The low visibility on growth and the inflation outlook have left market participants highly sensitive to any clues pertaining to economic conditions, which leaves markets susceptible to wild fluctuations,” said Mr. Yeap Jun Rong, a market strategist at IG Asia.
Another factor adding to volatility is the rise of social media as a source of information – or at times, disinformation – for investors. For instance, last year’s meme stock saga was heavily driven by activities on Reddit, Discord and YouTube. Meme stock trading refers to a situation where companies see their value driven more by social media attention than fundamentals.
GameStop is widely regarded as the first meme stock. The video game retailer’s stock price rose as much as 100 times last year over the course of several months as investors from online communities piled into the company. In June, global beauty company Revlon gained more than 50 per cent in heavy trading in one day on the back of intense retail investor interest.
KEEPING UNCERTAINTY IN CHECK
To navigate heightened volatility, experts advise traders to adopt appropriate risk management tools and strategies.
For instance, Contracts for Difference (CFD) is a derivatives product that allows one to trade different instruments without owning the underlying asset. In a typical CFD trade, a client and a broker agree to exchange the price difference in the current value of an underlying asset and its value at the end of the contract.
CFD provider IG offers a risk management tool known as Knock-Outs, where the trade closes automatically if the underlying market price reaches the Knock-Out level. This helps to protect against slippages and allows you to better manage your risks by pre-setting your maximum loss, said Mr. Yeap. By providing guaranteed stops, IG ensures that a trade will always be closed at the exact level you set, with a premium incurred only when the guaranteed stop is triggered.
“Knock-Outs and guaranteed stops help to instill discipline in your trading and ensure that you do not lose more than what you are willing to risk,” explained Mr. Yeap.
When opening a Knock-Out position, you first decide whether you are buying a bull or a bear. If you believe that the market price is going to rise, you will buy a bull and set a Knock-Out level below the opening market price. If you foresee that the market price is going to fall, you will buy a bear and set a Knock-Out level above the opening market price.
CAPITALISING ON PRICE MOVEMENTS