Social and solidarity economy, the meaning of history

Elles se nomment elles-mêmes les «Licoornes», et non, il n’y a pas de faute d’orthographe. On June 2021, these companies decided to make a public hearing with this appeal – the two “o” people will be able to play the role of cooperatives. Do cooperatives, like Charles Gide’s epoch, the French pioneer of solidarity and social economy (ESS), not on the commemoration of this year 90 years of disparity? A little, yes.

However, the Licoornes are precisely the ones who have the opportunity to evoke the licorice, which is the start-up of the Silicon Valley florists, to reveal a new visage. Comme pour dire que l’ESS, qui regroupe les coopératives donc, mais aussi les associations, les fondations et les mutuelles, a changé.

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“Collective interest and environmental transition”

Certes, ses valeurs – l’esprit mutualiste, l’insertion par l’emploi de personnes en situation de handicap ou de précarité, le principe «un homme, une voix» – sont séculaires, mais elle elte compte aussi plethore de jeunes pousses qui ont invest les secters se plus en pointe de notre XXIe Coming soon: energy (with Enercoop), business financing (with Nef), car parking (Citizen), bicycle delivery (CoopCycle) or mobile telephony (TeleCoop). Marion Graeffly, co-founder of TeleCoop, precision:

“With the Licoornes, we will be dismantled by new publics that will be able to take into account the collection of interest and the transition to the environment.” Qu’ils ne riment pas forcément avec exploitation and competition to all crins. »

Et cela n’est pas juste un discours. Launched in November 2020, with a beautiful opening with the help of other distributors. She also started to be interested in 5G adventures, she had to discuss 4,000 clients of new portable customers (“The good mobile is cellui qu’on possède déjà” est la devise maison), les encourage à bien contrôler leur temps passé devant les ecrans et tente même de les convaincre de recourir le moins possible à la 4G, « parce qu’elle consomme trois fois plus d’energie que le wi-fi ».

On the other hand, TeleCoop is always looking for the branch on the laquelle it is assise! “But you can do everything in reality, but our object is not for profit, Corrige Marion Graeffly. The agit d’ord board contributes to the repair of practices sobriety, of durability in society. » At the same time, the search for benefits as a private enterprise, but not for the sake of social and environmental prices. And surtout, to make a profit and to pursue your ambitions, and not a single one.

“Fournis militant”

Le mot d’ordre is the name of the Côte d’Enercoop, other Licoorne, founded in 2005 and containing 250 saloons. “We have identified the qualifier of the Militant Fournis, as a direct contractor for the renewed French electricity, not only the issue of oil and photovoltaics”, souligne Eugénie Bardin, in charge of public affairs.

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“Militant” also parceled, as in all the cooperative societies of the Internet (Scic), the clients of Enercoop peuvent imiter les salariés de l’entreprise et devenir sociétaires. Claire, a member of the capital, does not have the right to a general assembly of the great strategic forces – a privilege that in an ordinary society is reserved for the detainees of actions. The customers of Enercoop say that 20% of the votes and salaries are 15%.

Fondée à l’initiative de citoyens engagés, la Nef finance des projects à ecological, social and cultural. (MARTA NASCIMENTO / REA)

“This renowned government is the power that democracy can find in the place of work, and trade in companies, space of activities that will be possible, for cake, but for the wholesouligne Eva Sadoun, fundraiser and president of the investment platform qui, after huit ans d’existence, regroupe 30 000 investisseurs. The most important thing is that the company is not unique enough to learn something, which can be added to the cooperation of the company, the competition, environmental and social innovation, which is at a profit. Bref, he can exist and prosper in a capitalist society all the time, for the values ​​that are in the door, anti-capitalist. »

It is on these singularities that the sociologist Anne-Catherine Wagner is a member of the land survey of secret societal societies (Scop). She explained:

“The motivations for participating in this economy are different. The point is common, this is the search for a goal “who is sensible”. Et l’on peut sacrifier bien du temps et de l’argent à cet ideal. En effet, les salaires de l’ESS sont plutôt moins élevés qu’ailleurs – ceux des cadres, en tout cas – pour un investissement en energie plutôt supierieur. But for those who are ‘in the sun’, open or framed, it is the best pilot to assemble a strategy, to have the feeling of contributing to the building. »

Charles Gide, the founder of the solidarity economy

This year was celebrated in the 90’s at the death of a very tropic – very famous Charles Gide (1847-1932). André Gide, lawyer, economist and professor at the Collège de France, in the inventory of social and solidarity economy, imagined from the end of the 18th centurye siecle. However, she is one of the most modern, political, debauchery of the Christian charisma, as explained by Timothy Duverger, historian and professor associated with Sciences-Po Bordeaux:

“From the end of the 1880s, the revival of a co-operative” Republican Cooperative “, a system of cooperative cooperatives between industrial and agricultural sectors to repay capitalist enterprises.. But this is neither a socialist nor a communist: your inspiration is Anglo-Saxon, and, as a matter of fact, it is not possible to spend too much money on the state. »

The model on the Gide lequel beats all the Scop type cooperatives, more consumer goods, like the current Camif. Those who are keen, concerned about the prime chef for the quality of what is produced, are interested in participating in the government. «Au XXe seat, the mount in the power of the State of Providence, which in turn encompasses the social question, coup d’état of the capitalist model on a marginalized pension, admet Timothée Duverger. But the role of the consumer is still modern. »

Social role

At the moment, the French decision, plus the views of the considered ones, the “participatory democracy” is parée de toutes les promesses, l’ESS paraît tomber à pic! Pourtant, elle pèse encore relativeno peu dans les debats, regrette Jérôme Saddier, président d’ESS France, et auteur de «Pour une ekonomi de la réconciliation»:

«This is a paradox: the Ess is part of our co-operative – in the co-operative supermarkets, in the shops, in the associations, in the banking sector which does not pour out of its existence without it, but it is not in public knowledge , more than enough, and too much ignorance of the elus, as Bercy. »

For Eva Sadoun, this marginalization is a motive and a motive for information: It does not exist under the provisions of the State which encourages the enterprises of the ESS and the enterprises of the “impact” [n’appartenant pas juridiquement à l’ESS mais ayant reçu un agrément Esus (Entreprise solidaire d’utilité sociale) qui leur reconnaît leur rôle social et/ou environnemental]. We do not benefit from fiscal avant-garde benefits and have a limited limit on public offerings of the “first of all” facts that influence our price – which is a 10% vote rate of 10% public markets for the social economy when you want to be 50% or 80% who should respect social and environmental criteria! »

“It’s not enough to have an economy that conquers markets and an economy that pays off.”

This is another paradox, noted by Jérôme Saddier:

The suite after the publicity

«L’ESS porte toutes les valeurs de l’entreprise responsèvet et de la transition écologique que les jeunes, notamment, appellent de leurs vœux: implication des salariés, transparence de la gestion, limitation de l’impact environnemental, souci des fournisseurs et des Territories… Elle devrait donc êtë au cœur de toutes les politices pour devenir, à terme, la norme qui üregulera l’economie de demain! »

Are the habits auraient-elles du mal à changer? A choice has been made: the cooperative model is also a factor of resilience for companies operating in small sectors, such as industry. This is not Arnaud Chevalier, the conductor of Delta Meca, PME d’usinage and chaudronnerie située à deux pas de Nantes, who said the opposite: that this classic enterprise is the landmark of Scop au mains de ses salariés en 2015, elle to defend the people and the economics.

Mais, dit-il, la trentaine de salariés actionnaires de Delta Meca a su faire corps, “The part where it is recorded is that it is associated with the strategy of its enterprise, but it is more important than anyone else’s implication.” This is not a miracle solution, but in a hurry you can be very retarded, the staff mobilizes spontaneously. In the Delta Meca perd de l’argent, nous le perdons tous ». The feeling of being “in the boat” is a constant in the sector of the ESS.

Adapter co-operative model for solarium usages

Claire Dubien is a great friend of Solidatech, a company that is responsible, situated in Deux-Sèvres and specializes in material and computer logic reconditioning. Remous qui l’ont acculée à un plan social et à la perte d’un quart des effectifs. “Cela a été très dur à vivre, car Solidatech, c’est un sprit de de family, se souvient-elle. But the boat is not on the coulter. We have this ensemble. »Aujourd’hui, your company has been repaired and well done for some help and recruitment.

“The profiles that we are looking for are high-tech, they also offer a lot of money. Plus, there are those who accept us to limit our salaries. It’s not easy. We can add to the grill from 1 to 3, entre les salaires les plus bas et les plus elevés, parce que nos équipes qui travaillent à Paris ont là-bas un coût de la vie que nous n’arrivons plus à suivre. »

All of this is: adapter to the cooperative model with the use of solar products. «Pendant LongTemps, Le Personnel des Coopératives était Hyper Engagé, Hyper Investi, Prêt à Tout Donner Au Collectif, souligne ainsi Anne-Catherine Wagner. Cela n’a pas disparu, mais une part des salariés compte désormais aussi ceux qui, le soir, ” veulent rentrer chez eux ”. A lot of money, the cooperative spirit is important, but at the point where you can read the family life. » The sacrifice is not more than actuality. The engagement is intact.

The suite after the publicity

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The program of the event

The occupation of the 90’s of Charles Gide’s death, the theory of social and solidarity economy, “The Ob” and the Cooperative Credit, inviting you to a great event in the honor of companies (cooperatives, associations, companies) Labelisées Jesus privileged the objects of progress and respect for the environment and social democracy) from 17 May at 6:30 pm in the auditorium of the L’Obs (67/69 av. Pierre-Mendès-France, Paris-13e).

18h30 Ouverture

Julie Joly, General Manager of l’Obs

18h35 Conversation, with Timothée Duverger, historien

Animee by Arnaud Gonzague, editor and editor-in-chief of “L’Obs”

18h45 Conversationwith Benoît Catel, Director General of the Cooperative Credit

Anime by Clément Lacombe, director of the editorial office of “l’Obs”

19h Video

Label Emmaüs

19×05 Round table

Marion Graeffly, founder of TeleCoop

Jean Moreau, founder of Phoenix

Anne-Catherine Wagner, Professor of Sociology, University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

19h45 Conclusion

Jérôme Saddier, President of the Cooperative Credit and of France

20h Cocktail

Free entry on reservation, inscriptions on

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