The Holy Patriarch Job. – ReL

San Job, Patriarch. May 10 (Roman Church), March 30 and April 27 (Ethiopian Church) May 6 (Eastern churches), and May 22 (in Jerusalem).

The life of this patriarchal saint we hear in the Sacred Scriptures, narrated in a beautiful book of didactic character in which the protagonist is tempted in his faith and patience to the limits of superhumanity, but the saint always responds with respect to the divine will. Everything comes from God, the good and the bad. Curiously, what is most controversial is the criticism of his friends Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar, and is that human respect is one of the greatest lessons that the sons of God have to overcome. These criticisms have to be read in the Jewish context where God rewards virtue and punishes sin. Illness, misfortune, loss, all were due to a deserved divine punishment, so that if Job was punished, he must have had a conspiracy, an accusation before he could defend himself. First the accusation of sinning against God, then of sinning against the next.

However, this is a vision that many Christians have not yet mastered and are constantly tempted to describe wrongdoing as a divine punishment, which speaks of their little understanding of the message of Christ, which is beyond the superstition of divine retribution.

The story of Job speaks of not resorting to fierce judgments, of the inescapable of divine providence and of God’s absolute liberalism for men. Indeed, the book itself, through the prophet Elihu gives a new vision to the matter: the sins of Job purify him in virtue, and not his punishment of God, but a proof of this to show his faith, patience and faithfulness . However, the book does not leave Job in misery and sickness but who, once tested for his virtue, recovers health, well -being and returns to have a numbered family, a sign of blessing. God has rewarded his faithful in this life. With Christ this vision rises (of catholic teaching he spoke), because rewards are not expected in life, and good things are not considered rewards of God, because the One Reward is already given, and it is Jesus Christ and his redemption. God does not need us to prove or precede, Christ has satisfied for us, and largely.

There is widespread debate about whether the story of Job is historical, or whether it is about a real man, or whether it is a traditional story, personified in some way and localized in time and space. For centuries, as many Jews as Christians, we consider it a historical and true story. Although some passages are fabulous and catechistic speeches, such as the meeting of God and Satan, the 7 -day silence of the friends in front of Job, or the intervention of God from the torbellino. And, of course, about all the “happy end”, Said consolingly as a suspicious altercator. There is a curious note, to understand the context in which this work is found: Job returns to have descendants, but while he has twice as many children, he only has the same number of children as is mentioned in the proclamation. Talking to more children would be a sign of punishment, in the mentality of the moment.

That is why, considered Job as a real person, he has received worship in the western and eastern churches, and from very ancient times. In the European Middle Ages, he was a lawyer for the sick, the hospitals, the lepers, until the impenetrable cult of San Roque de Montpellier (August 16) displaced it. Some suspicious relics will be found in Brabante. In Belshazzar, Belgium, there is still a popular festival in his memory on the second Sunday of May. He is also a lawyer against syphilis, hemorrhoids, ulcers, cutaneous eruptions, rashes and strokes.

For the spiritual, the saint Job is, above all, an example of patience, and so it is expressed on many occasions. Catechisms, prophecies, moral exhortations have in Job a rich symbol of penance, mansion, faith and above all, patience. For her a demonstration, sacada of the Autobiography of Santa Teresa (October 15 and August 26), referring to his childhood illness:

I was all disappointed, that said about all this bad, said was heretical. From this I was given a little. The pains were the ones that afflicted me, for they were in one place from the feet to the head; because nerves are intolerable, as the doctors said, and as everyone was angry, I am sure – if I did not want it because of my lost guilt – it was a terrible night. In this recession there will be no more than three months, which seems impossible to endure so many misfortunes together. Now I am free, and I have, by the great mercy of the Lord, the patience that Your Majesty gives me, that I clearly see the coming of El. I have endeavored much to have you read the story of Job in the Morales of San Gregorio, which the Lord seems to have prepared with this, and with which I have begun to have prayer, so that I may carry it with such conformity. All my plastics were with El. These words of Job were very ordinary in his mind and he said, “If we have received good from the hand of the Lord, why should we not suffer evil?” (Vida 5, 8)

Sources:
-“Bible of Jerusalem”. 1976
-Enciclopedia Judía. Jerusalem 19711996.
-“Complete Works of Saint Teresa of Jesus”. Editorial Monte Carmelo. 2001.

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